19:13 4 March 2017
FOCUS: Release of N. Korean brings probe into airport attack to deadlock
By Tomoyuki Tachikawa and Vivian Ho
KUALA LUMPUR, March 4, Kyodo
Malaysia has reached a deadlock in its probe into the apparent assassination last month of the estranged half-brother of North Korea's leader Kim Jong Un at Kuala Lumpur International Airport.
The killing of Kim Jong Nam, who criticized North Korea's hereditary succession in an interview with a Japanese newspaper, was a crime planned by the reclusive country, South Korean intelligence has said.
Malaysia's investigative options are running out, as only two women -- an Indonesian and a Vietnamese both in their 20s -- have so far been charged with the murder of Kim Jong Nam, the eldest son of late North Korean leader Kim Jong Il.
On Friday, Malaysia was forced to release Ri Jong Chol, the only North Korean man who had been arrested over the case, due to lack of evidence.
As Ri had allegedly given the two women and others a ride to the airport, it was hoped that he could reveal key details of the Feb. 13 attack, in which the two women are suspected of using their bare hands to apply a toxic chemical to Kim Jong Nam's face.
"There are always challenges in all investigations. We will continue collecting evidence and building up our case," Malaysia's national police chief Khalid Abu Bakar said in a text message to Kyodo News.
The investigation, however, is widely expected to come up empty, as seven other North Korean men allegedly linked to the assault are still at large, analysts say.
An arrest warrant has been issued for one of the seven -- Kim Uk Il, an employee of North Korea's national carrier Air Koryo. He is believed to be inside his country's embassy in Kuala Lumpur and is unlikely to appear for questioning.
Malaysian authorities have acknowledged it may be difficult to catch Kim Uk Il if he has really taken refuge in the embassy. The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations requires the hosting state to prevent any disturbance of the peace of a diplomatic mission or impairment of its dignity.
The two women, who were charged Wednesday with the murder, have also denied any wrongdoing. They earlier indicated that they were duped into believing that there were taking part in a TV prank show.
"We only have the two who are physically in the act, but who claimed they thought they are in a prank show," Pathman Sundramoorthy, a criminologist at the Universiti Sains Malaysia, told Kyodo News.
"We don't have the masterminds. And (there is) no way the North Koreans will hand them over. I don't know whether we will get to the bottom of this case without the main players," he said.
"This is going to be one of the mysteries with no answers," he added, suggesting it is almost impossible to prove that North Korea was behind the crime.
With investigations at a standstill, attention is turning to the fate of the body of Kim Jong Nam, who had long led a life in exile under the protection of China. His corpse remains at a hospital morgue in Kuala Lumpur.
Malaysian Health Minister Subramaniam Sathasivam has repeated his government's position that it first needs to conclusively determine the identity of the 45-year-old's body through DNA samples from his next of kin before releasing it to relatives.
Brushing aside a request from North Korea to secure the early return of the body, Subramaniam said, "We will only release the body to the rightful people, which is his family," according to local media.
But more than two weeks after the incident, Kim Jong Nam's family members have yet to come forward.
"Because of the implications of this international case, the Malaysian government will have to decide on the next course of action if the next of kin fails to turn up and claim the body after a long period," Subramaniam was quoted as saying by the media.
Kim died within 15 to 20 minutes after the women smeared VX, a lethal, internationally banned substance, on his face, Malaysian authorities earlier said.
North Korea has rejected the view that the nerve agent was used to kill one of its citizens, steering clear of naming him as Kim Jong Nam, and has requested samples taken by investigators be sent to an international chemical weapons body.
Since the poison attack on Kim Jong Nam, Pyongyang has also argued that Malaysia's probe into the case is not impartial and that the country is "in collusion" with forces "hostile" to North Korea.
In return, Malaysia, angered by what it sees as a series of "diplomatically rude" remarks by North Korea, has already recalled its ambassador from Pyongyang.
Malaysia, which established diplomatic relations with North Korea in 1973 when anti-Western Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad was in power, is only one of a handful of countries in the world that has an embassy in Pyongyang.
Once-amicable bilateral ties have been sharply deteriorating in the wake of the murder.
(Kentaro Shimizu contributed to this story.)